Neonatal delivery room CPR: An analysis of the Get with the Guidelines®—Resuscitation Registry

for the American Heart Association's Get With The Guidelines–Resuscitation Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the delivery room (DR) after birth is rare. We hypothesized that factors related to maternal, delivery, infant and resuscitation event characteristics associated with outcomes could be identified. We also hypothesized there would be substantial variation from the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) algorithm. Methods: Retrospective review of all neonates receiving chest compressions in the DR from the AHA Get With The Guidelines—Resuscitation registry from 2001 to 2014. The primary outcome was return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the DR. Secondary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize data. Odds ratios with confidence intervals were calculated as appropriate to compare survivors and non-survivors. Results: There were 1153 neonates who received chest compressions in the DR. ROSC was achieved in 968 (84%) newborns and 761 (66%) survived to hospital discharge. Fifty-one percent of the cohort received chest compressions without medications. Cardiac compressions were initiated within the first minute of life in 76% of the events, and prior to endotracheal intubation in 79% of the events. In univariate analysis, factors such as prematurity, number of endotracheal intubation attempts, increased time to first adrenaline dose, and CPR duration were associated with decreased odds of ROSC in the DR. Longer CPR duration was associated with decreased odds of ROSC in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: In this cohort of infants receiving chest compressions following delivery, recognizable pre-birth risk factors as well as resuscitation interventions associated with increased and decreased odds of achieving ROSC were identified. Chest compressions were frequently initiated in the first minute of the event and often prior to endotracheal intubation. Further investigations should focus on methods to decrease time to critical resuscitation interventions, such as successful endotracheal intubation and administration of the first dose of adrenaline, in order to improve DR-CPR outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-242
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Adrenaline
  • Cardiac compressions
  • Delivery room resuscitation
  • Neonatal resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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