Programmed diaphragmatic pacing using implanted neuromodulators represents an emerging method for providing pulmonary support using negative pressure ventilation. The implantable, rechargeable, programmable and miniaturized nature of diaphragmatic pacers may obviate many of the management issues associated with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation devices. Closed loop systems may facilitate the implementation of diaphragmatic pacing for the treatment of many indications. They may allow for wider adoption of ventilatory support in central sleep apnea and improve quality of life in diseases of chronic hypoventilation, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In addition, it might alleviate subclinical hypoventilation - a condition that may affect a significant proportion of the aging population. Diaphragmatic pacing could also reduce sympathetic bias, which may contribute to a wide range of diseases associated with autonomic dysfunction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering