Nasal Analysis: Considerations for Ethnic Variation

Nathaniel L. Villanueva, Paul N. Afrooz, Jourdan A. Carboy, Rodney J Rohrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


As the United States continues to be more ethnically and racially diverse, it is important for the rhinoplasty surgeon to have an appreciation and understanding of nasal variations that exist to plan for and execute ethnically congruent results. The nasal analysis is a critical component of the patient evaluation, which has been used as a tool by surgeons to identify deviations from anatomical norms or canons. In this article, the authors describe common nasal anatomical variations that exist between ethnic groups as a guide for nasal analysis. Understanding these variations will facilitate and help define important cultural aesthetics, which can be used to plan for rhinoplasties in a diverse patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1179e-1188e
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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