Movement-modulation of local power and phase amplitude coupling in bilateral globus pallidus interna in Parkinson disease

Nicholas AuYong, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Joni Ricks-Oddie, Nader Pouratian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


There is converging evidence that bilateral basal ganglia motor networks jointly support normal movement behaviors including unilateral movements. The extent and manner in which these networks interact during lateralized movement remains unclear. In this study, simultaneously recorded bilateral Globus Pallidus interna (GPi) local field potentials (LFP) were examined from 19 subjects with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD), while undergoing awake deep brain stimulation (DBS) implantation. Recordings were carried out during two behavioral states; rest and cued left hand movement (finger tapping). The state-dependent effects on α- β oscillatory power and β phase-encoded phase amplitude coupling (PAC), including symmetrical and assymetrical changes between hemispheres, were identified. Unilateral hand movement resulted in symmetrical oscillatory power suppression within bilateral GPi at α (8–12 Hz) and high β (21–35 Hz) and increase in power of high frequency oscillations (HFO, 200–300 Hz) frequency bands. Asymmetrical attenuation was also observed at both low β (13–20 Hz) and low γ (40–80 Hz) bands within the contralateral GPi (P = 0.009). In addition, unilateral movement effects on PAC were confined to the contralateral GPi with attenuation of both low β-low γ and β-HFO PAC (P < 0.05). Further analysis showed that the lateralized attenuation of low β and low γ power did not correlate with low β-low γ PAC changes. The overall coherence between bilateral GPi was not significantly altered with unilateral movement, however the preferred phase difference in the high β range increased from 0.23 (±1.31) radians during rest to 1.99 (±0.78) radians during movement execution. Together, the present results suggest that unilateral motor control involves bilateral basal ganglia networks with movement features differentially encoded by distinct frequency bands. The lateralization of low β and low γ attenuation with movement suggests that these frequency bands are specific to the motor act whereas symmetrical expression of α, high β, and HFO oscillations best correspond to motor state. The restriction of movement-related PAC modulation to the contralateral GPi indicates that cross-frequency interactions appear to be associated with lateralized movements. Despite no significant movement-related changes in the interhemispheric coherence, the increase in phase difference suggests that the communication between bilateral GPi is altered with unilateral movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number270
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
StatePublished - Jul 9 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Globus pallidus interna
  • Interhemispheric coordination
  • Parkinson disease
  • Phase amplitude coupling
  • β oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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