Movement Disorder Emergencies of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract

Thomas Stewart, Lesley F. Childs, Scott Rickert, Boris Bentsianov, Ajay E. Chitkara, Anthony Cultrara, Andrew Blitzer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Movement disorder emergencies of the aerodigestive tract are dramatic and often life threatening. With appropriate timely evaluation and intervention, most patients can be effectively managed and major morbidity avoided. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of both the causes and appropriate treatment of breathing disturbances secondary to primary disorders and iatrogenic causes, as well as swallowing emergencies. Additionally, basic physiology, anatomy, and various methods for assessment of the upper aerodigestive tract are reviewed. Specific disorders that are addressed include the following: spasmodic dysphonia, adductor laryngeal breathing dystonia, Shy–Drager abductor weakness, drug-induced tardive dystonia, oromandibulolingual dystonia, multiple system atrophy, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and palatal myoclonus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Clinical Neurology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages18
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameCurrent Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)1559-0585
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4043


  • Adductor laryngeal breathing dystonia
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Drug-induced tardive dystonia
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Oromandibulolingual dystonia
  • Palatal myoclonus
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Shy–Drager abductor weakness
  • Spasmodic dysphonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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