Montreal cognitive assessment performance among community-dwelling african americans

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50 Scopus citations


Objective: To report descriptive and normative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in a population-based African American sample. Method: The MoCA was administered to 1,419 African American participants (mean age 49.89 years, range 18-75, 64% female). After excluding those with subjective cognitive complaints (n = 301), normative data were generated by education and overlapping age ranges (n = 1,118). Pearson correlations and analysis of variance were used to examine the relationship to demographic variables, and frequency of missed items was reviewed. Results: Total MoCA scores (mean 22.3, SD 3.9) were lower than previously published normative data derived from an elderly Caucasian Canadian population with 80% falling below the suggested cutoff (<26) for impairment. Several MoCA items were missed by a large portion of the sample, including cube drawing (72%), delayed free recall (66% <4/5 words), sentence repetition (63%), and abstraction items (45%). Conclusion: This is the first study to examine normative performance on the MoCA specific to community-dwelling African Americans. Findings suggest that certain aspects of this measure and previously established cutoff scores may not be well-suited for some populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017


  • Aging
  • Assessment
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Minority
  • Normative studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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