We present a series of hydrogel nanoparticles (nanogels) incorporating either acyclic or cyclic gadolinium chelates as crosslinkers. These crosslinkers are used to formulate polyacrylamide-based nanogels (diameter 50 to 85 nm) yielding contrast agents with enhanced relaxivities (up to 6-fold greater than Dotarem®), because the nanogel structure slows the chelator's tumbling frequency and allows fast water exchange. Importantly, these nanogels also stabilize Gd3+ within the chelator thermodynamically and kinetically against metal displacement through transmetallation, which should reduce toxicity associated with release of free Gd3+. This chelation stability suggests that the chelate crosslinker strategy may prove useful for other applications of metal-chelating nanoparticles in medicine, including other imaging modalities and radiotherapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Chemistry B|
|State||Published - Dec 14 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)