Metabolic Reprogramming in Mitochondria of Myeloid Cells

Hao Zuo, Yihong Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The myeloid lineage consists of multiple immune cell types, such as macrophages, monocytes, and dendritic cells. It actively participates in both innate and adaptive immunity. In response to pro- or anti-inflammatory signals, these cells undergo distinct programmed metabolic changes especially in mitochondria. Pro-inflammatory signals induce not only a simple shift from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis, but also complicated metabolic alterations during the early and tolerant stages in myeloid cells. In mitochondria, a broken Krebs cycle leads to the accumulation of two metabolites, citrate and succinate, both of which trigger pro-inflammatory responses of myeloid cells. A deficient electron transport chain induces pro-inflammatory responses in the resting myeloid cells while it suppresses these responses in the polarized cells during inflammation. The metabolic reprogramming in mitochondria is also associated with altered mitochondrial morphology. On the other hand, intact oxidative phosphorylation is required for the anti-inflammatory functions of myeloid cells. Fatty acid synthesis is essential for the pro-inflammatory effect and glutamine metabolism in mitochondria exhibits the anti-inflammatory effect. A few aspects of metabolic reprogramming remain uncertain, for example, glycolysis and fatty acid oxidation in anti-inflammation. Overall, metabolic reprogramming is an important element of immune responses in myeloid cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 18 2019


  • Krebs cycle
  • electron transport chain
  • glycolysis
  • inflammation
  • macrophages
  • metabolism
  • mitochondria
  • myeloid cells
  • oxidative phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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