Effects of parathyroidectomy on parathyroid function and calcium (Ca) metabolism were carefully evaluated in 6 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism without symptoms normally attributed to the disease and in 7 with bone disease or nephrolithiasis. Before parathyroidectomy, both groups of patients demonstrated evidence of the sequelae of parathyroid hormone (PTH) excess, since they presented one or more of the following features: low bone density by125I-photon absorption, hypercalciuria (urinary Ca greater than 200 mg/day on an intake of 400 mg/day), negative Ca balance (absorbed Ca less than urinary Ca), elevated fasting urinary Ca greater than 0.2 mg/mg creatinine for a night-time sample after a 6-hour fast), and decreased renal function (creatinine clearance of less than 65 ml/min). Following parathyroidectomy, most of these deleterious effects were reversed commensurate with the return of immunoreactive serum PTH, serum Ca, and urinary cyclic AMP toward normal. These quantitative non-invasive techniques may be useful for the initial evaluation and follow-up of patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical