Membrane ecto-ATPase on epidermal Langerhans cells

Giampiero Girolomoni, Maria Lucia Santantonio, Paul R. Bergstresser, Ponciano D Cruz, Alberto Giannetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) possess a plasma membrane Mg++- or Ca++-dependent ecto-ATPase (mATPase), the function of which is not known. On the other hand, extracellular ATP (ATP°) has been shown to cause a rapid increase in cell-membrane permeability for selected cells, thus inducing the entry of exogenous substances, leading eventually to cell death. ATP°has also been shown to be a mediator of T cell - mediated cytotoxicity. We have observed human LC to be resistant to the permeabilizing effects of ATP°when compared to cultured human keratinocytes and J774 macrophages. In addition, our preliminary evidence in vitro suggests that mATPase on LC may provide protection against the lytic effects of ATP°. Finally, we propose that this latter mechanism may also operate in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-14
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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