Management of Traumatic Brain Injury: Special Considerations for Older Adults

Megha D. Mandalaywala, Kelly M. Crawford, Shanti M. Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: This review focuses on the unique challenges facing older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and provides considerations for appropriate medical treatment. Recent Findings: Older adults are the fastest growing population to suffer TBI, typically due to falls. Despite less severe injuries based on the Glasgow Coma Scale, older adults more frequently have abnormal head CT findings, are more likely to be admitted to the hospital, and suffer higher mortality than younger adults. Older adults have higher degree of medical comorbidities that require careful management in the acute hospital and rehabilitation settings. Functional gains are typically slower in older adults compared with younger individuals, but older adults can demonstrate similar gains during rehabilitation. Summary: Older adults represent a growing population that suffers from TBI. It is important for clinicians to take into account the unique challenges this population to ensure greatest functional recovery following injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-322
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Geriatrics
  • Older adults
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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