OBJECTIVE: Maintenance proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is effective for gastric acid hypersecretory states, although data with pantoprazole are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of long term p.o. pantoprazole in individuals with hypersecretion. METHODS: All subjects had Zollinger-Ellison syndrome or idiopathic hypersecretion. Baseline acid output was measured in the presence of prior maintenance antisecretory therapy before pantoprazole exposure. The starting dose was 40 mg b.i.d. in most cases, and the dose was adjusted to document control within the first 2 wk of therapy. The maximal allowable dose was 240 mg daily. Acid output was measured on day 28 and then quarterly from month 3. The primary efficacy endpoint was documented control of acid secretion at 6 months, i.e., acid output in the last 1 h before the next dose of therapy of <10 mEq/h (<5 mEq/h in subjects with prior acid-reducing surgery). RESULTS: A total of 26 subjects had Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (six with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1) and nine had idiopathic hypersecretion. Pre-enrollment therapy included omeprazole in 27 subjects and lansoprazole in eight, and 82.4% of subjects were controlled on their prior regimens. With upward dose titration, acid output was controlled in all subjects by day 10 and in all but two (6%) at the 6-month time point. Median acid secretion on therapy at 6 months was <2 mEq/h (mean 2.2 mEq/h; range 0-10.5 mEq/h) at a dose of 40 mg b.i.d. for 24 subjects, 80 mg b.i.d. for seven subjects, and 120 mg b.i.d. for two subjects. During the course of the study, five subjects required doses of 240 mg daily. Pantoprazole was generally well tolerated. No cases of anterior optic ischemic neuropathy occurred. Five subjects died during follow-up, all because of events unrelated to the study drug. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance p.o. pantoprazole therapy at a dose of 80-240 mg/day in divided doses was both effective and generally well tolerated for patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and idiopathic hypersecretion.
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