The mitotic checkpoint blocks the activation of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) until all sister chromatids have achieved bipolar attachment to the spindle. A checkpoint complex containing BubR1 and Bub3 has been purified from mitotic human cells. Upon checkpoint activation, the BubR1 -Bub3 complex interacts with Cdc20. In the absence of Mad2, BubR1 inhibits the activity of APC by blocking the binding of Cdc20 to APC. Surprisingly, the kinase activity of BubR1 is not required for the inhibition of APCCdc20. BubR1 also prevents the activation of APCCdc20 in Xenopus egg extracts, and restores the mitotic arrest in Cdc20-overexpressing cells treated with nocodazole. Because BubR1 also interacts with the mitotic motor CENP-E, the ability of BubR1 to inhibit APC may be regulated by kinetochore tension or occupancy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology