Lysophosphatidic acid promotes survival of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer PC3 cells via activation of NF-κB

Ganesh V. Raj, Jeffrey A. Sekula, Rishu Guo, John F. Madden, Yehia Daaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND. Dysregulated cell survival contributes to the poor efficacy of many chemotherapeutic regimens for patients with advanced prostate cancer. In this study we examined ability of the lipid growth factor lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligand, to promote prostate cell survival. METHODS. PC3 cells were used as a model to study mechanisms involved in survival of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells. Cell survival was measured by FACS analysis of cell cycle parameters after propidium iodide or annexin V and 7-AAD immunostaining. Activation state of nuclear facor-κB (NF-κB) was determined biochemically by nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation. Human tissue was analyzed for nuclear expression of NF-κB by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS. Molecular dissection of the LPA-regulated PC3 cell survival revealed the sequential phosphorylation of Akt, IκB, and transcriptional activation of NF-κB. Both Akt and NF-κB were required to escape serum deprivation-induced cell death since their inhibition abrogated the LPA-mediated PC3 cell survival. Data from archival human tissue show that NF-κB is constitutively activated in prostate cancers, but not in benign prostate tissues. CONCLUSIONS. Targeted disruption of the LPA receptor-Akt-NF-κB signaling axis may be effective for the treatment of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004


  • Apoptosis
  • G protein-coupled receptor
  • LPA
  • NF-κB
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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