Longitudinal Changes in Cardiac Troponin and Risk of Heart Failure Among Black Adults

Amit Saha, Kershaw V. Patel, Colby R Ayers, Christie M. Ballantyne, Adolfo Correa, Christopher Defilippi, Michael E. Hall, Robert J. Mentz, Stephen L. Seliger, Wondwosen Yimer, Javed Butler, Jarett D Berry, James A. De Lemos, Ambarish Pandey

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Background: Among Black adults, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) is associated with heart failure (HF) risk. The association of longitudinal changes in hs-cTnI with risk of incident HF, HF with reduced and preserved ejection fraction (HFrEF and HFpEF, respectively), among Black adults is not well-established. Methods and Results: This study included Black participants from the Jackson Heart Study with available hs-cTnI data at visits 1 (2000–2004) and 2 (2005–2008) and no history of cardiovascular disease. Cox models were used to evaluate associations of categories of longitudinal change in hs-cTnI with incident HF risk. Among 2423 participants, 11.6% had incident elevation in hs-cTnI at visit 2, and 16.9% had stable or improved elevation (≤50% increase in hs-cTnI), and 4.0% had worsened hs-cTnI elevation (>50% increase). Over a median follow-up of 12.0 years, there were 139 incident HF hospitalizations (64 HFrEF, 58 HFpEF). Compared with participants without an elevated hs-cTnI, those with incident, stable or improved, or worsened hs-cTnI elevation had higher HF risk (adjusted hazard ratio 3.20 [95% confidence interval, 1.92–5.33]; adjusted hazard ratio 2.40, [95% confidence interval, 1.47–3.92]; and adjusted hazard ratio 8.10, [95% confidence interval, 4.74–13.83], respectively). Similar patterns of association were observed for risk of HFrEF and HFpEF. Conclusions: Among Black adults, an increase in hs-cTnI levels on follow-up was associated with a higher HF risk. Lay Summary: The present study included 2423 Black adults from the Jackson Heart Study with available biomarkers of cardiac injury and no history of cardiovascular disease at visits 1 and 2. The majority of participants did not have evidence of cardiac injury at both visits (67.5%), 11.6% had evidence of cardiac injury only on follow-up, 14.5% had stable elevations, 4.0% had worsened elevations, and 2.4% had improved elevations of cardiac injury biomarkers during follow-up. Compared with participants without evidence of cardiac injury, those with new, stable, and worsened levels of cardiac injury had a higher risk of developing heart failure. Tweet: Among Black adults, persistent or worsening subclinical myocardial injury is associated with an elevated risk of HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Black adults
  • heart failure
  • high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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