Lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) is a diagnosis dependent on neonatal cranial ultrasound (US). The diagnosis of LSV requires the presence of linear or branching echogenicities in the area of the basal ganglia and/or thalamus on gray scale cranial US. Although the diagnosis of LSV is dependent on cranial US, there are no convincing correlates observed on either computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Moreover, the radiographic criteria for LSV on cranial US remain vague, and intra-observer correlations are generally reported to be poor. The purpose of this review is to examine the issues associated with the use of cranial US and the diagnosis of LSV, including alternative imaging, clinical abnormalities and the significance of LSV on cranial US.
- Cranial ultrasound
- Lenticulostriate vasculopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology