Leiomyosarcoma of the uterus with intravascular tumor extension and pulmonary tumor embolism

Douglas K. McDonald, Sanjeeva P. Kalva, Chieh Min Fan, Aleksandr Vasilyev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


We report the case of a 48-year-old woman presenting with recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) associated with right iliac vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion and left lower lobe pulmonary tumor embolus. Because the prognosis and treatment differ from that of thrombotic pulmonary emboli, the differentiating imaging characteristics of intravascular tumor embolism are reviewed. To our knowledge, only two other cases of intravenous uterine leiomyosarcomatosis have been described in the existing literature, and this is the first reported case of the entity with associated intravascular tumor embolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-142
Number of pages3
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2007


  • Intravascular tumor embolism
  • Intravenous leiomyomatosis
  • Intravenous leiomyosarcomatosis
  • Leiomyosarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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