Left Atrial Mechanics and Diastolic Function Among People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study)

Christopher J. Berg, Bobby Patel, Maxwell Reynolds, Mirela Tuzovic, Kara W. Chew, Jason J. Sico, Debika Bhattacharya, Adeel A. Butt, Joseph K. Lim, Roger J. Bedimo, Sheldon T. Brown, John S. Gottdiener, Alberta L. Warner, Matthew S. Freiberg, Kaku A. So-Armah, Kim Lien Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with subclinical cardiomyopathy, diastolic dysfunction, and increased risk of cardiovascular death. However, the relationship between left atrial (LA) mechanics and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function has not been evaluated in people living with HIV (PLWH) relative to HIV-uninfected (HIV−) controls. This is a multicenter, cross-sectional cohort analysis using the HIV Cardiovascular Disease substudy of the Veterans Aging Cohort Study database, which aimed to examine a cohort of PLWH and HIV− veterans without known cardiovascular disease. A total of 277 subjects (180 PLWH, 97 HIV−) with echocardiograms were identified. LV and LA phasic strain were derived and diastolic function was evaluated. Relationship between LA strain, LV strain, and the degree of diastolic dysfunction were assessed using analysis of variance and ordinal logistic regression with propensity weighting. In the PLWH cohort, 91.7% were on antiretroviral therapy and 86.1% had HIV viral loads <500 copies/ml. The mean (± SD) duration of infection was 9.7 ± 4.9 years. Relative to HIV− veterans, PLWH did not differ in LA mechanics and proportion of diastolic dysfunction (p = 0.31). Using logistic regression with propensity weighting, we found no association between HIV status and degree of diastolic dysfunction. In both cohorts, LA reservoir strain and LA conduit strain were inversely and independently associated with the degree of diastolic dysfunction. Compared with HIV− veterans, PLWH who are primarily virally suppressed and antiretroviral-treated did not differ in LA strain or LV diastolic dysfunction. If confirmed in other cohorts, HIV viral suppression may curtail adverse alterations in cardiac structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-57
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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