Keratitis, hepatitis, ichthyosis, and deafness: Report and review of KID syndrome

G. N. Wilson, R. H. Squires, A. G. Weinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


A 14-year-old girl with ichthyosis and severe liver disease is compared to 35 reported cases of KID or Senter syndrome. Common manifestations such as ichthyosis (35/35 patients), sensorineural deafness (33/34), 'ectodermal dysplasia' (25/28), corneal abnormality (26/31) were present in the proposita, while less common manifestations such as chronic infections (15/20) and neuromuscular disease (12/35) were absent. Two families with vertical transmission and 28 sporadic cases are compatible with an autosomal dominant form of KID syndrome, while one inbred sibship with liver disease suggests the existence of an autosomal recessive form. The proposita was similar to the latter patients in having progressive cirrhosis necessitating liver transplantation; she also had short stature (10/35 patients) and mental retardation (3/35). Hepatic findings included micronodular cirrhosis, cholestasis, hyperplastic Kupffer cells, abundant Mallory's hyaline, copper accumulation without steatosis, and normal peroxisomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1991


  • MCA/MR syndrome
  • Senter syndrome
  • hepatocellular disease
  • keratoconus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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