Intrarater range of motion reliability in cerebral palsy: A comparison of assessment methods

Allan M. Glanzman, Amy E. Swenson, Heakyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


PURPOSE:: To compare intrarater reliability of goniometry performed with and without an assistant and compare the reliability of the Staheli and Thomas tests of hip extension. Visual estimation was also evaluated as a method of range of motion assessment. METHODS:: Twenty-five children with cerebral palsy (50 legs) were evaluated in a blind fashion. RESULTS:: Interclass correlations (ICCs) ranged from 0.9701 to 0.9804 and from 0.9685 to 0.9822 for 1 and 2-person goniometry, respectively. Pearson product moment correlations of 0.8944 to 0.9553 for visual estimation were established. Staheli and Thomas test ICCs were 0.9793 and 0.9804, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:: Goniometry with 1 and 2 assessors both produced ICCs in the excellent range as did the Staheli and Thomas test measurements of hip extension. The use of an assistant did not provide additional benefit. Visual estimation showed excellent correlation with goniometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-372
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Physical Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent
  • Ankle joint/physiopathology
  • Articular range of motion
  • Cerebral palsy/physiopathology
  • Child
  • Hip joint/physiopathology
  • Human movement system
  • Knee joint/physiopathology
  • Observer variation
  • Physical therapy/methods
  • Reproducibility of results

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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