Interpersonal problems, personality pathology, and social adjustment after cognitive therapy for depression

Jeffrey R. Vittengl, Lee Anna Clark, Robin B. Jarrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


The authors examined the level and structure of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems - Circumplex version (IIP-C; L. M. Horowitz, L. E. Alden, J. S. Wiggins, & A. L. Pincus, 2000) before and after 20 sessions of acute-phase cognitive therapy for depression (N = 118), as well as associations with the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (L. A. Clark, 1993b) and the Social Adjustment Scale - Self-Report version (M. M. Weissman & S. Bothwell, 1976). Interpersonal problems had a 3-factor structure (Interpersonal Distress, Love, and Dominance), with the latter 2 factors approximating a circumplex, both before and after therapy. Interpersonal Distress decreased and social adjustment increased with therapy, but the Love and Dominance dimensions were relatively stable, similar to personality constructs. Social adjustment related negatively to Interpersonal Distress but not to Love or Dominance. Personality pathology related broadly to Interpersonal Distress and discriminantly to Love and Dominance. These findings support the reliability and validity of the IIP-C and are discussed in the context of personality theory and measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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