Inhibition of intraocular tumor growth by topical application of the angiostatic steroid anecortave acetate

Abbot F. Clark, Jessamee Mellon, Xiao Yan Li, Ding Ma, Henry Leher, Rajendra Apte, Hassan Alizadeh, Sushma Hegde, Amanda McLenaghan, Elizabeth Mayhew, Thomas J. D'Orazio, Jerry Y. Niederkorn

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68 Scopus citations


Purpose. This study examined the effect of an angiostatic agent on the growth of a highly vascularized intraocular tumor. Methods. A murine uveal melanoma cell line (99E1) was transplanted intracamerally into athymic nude BALB/c mice. Mice were treated topically three times per day beginning on the day of tumor transplantation and continuing through day 28. Groups included (a) 1% anecortave acetate, (b) vehicle control, or (c) no treatment. Tumor growth was scored clinically according to the volume of anterior chamber occupied by tumor. Intraocular tumor weights were determined on days 10, 14, 21, and 28. The effect of the test agents on tumor cell proliferation was examined in vitro by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Results. Tumors grew progressively in untreated mice and mice treated with the vehicle; tumors filled the entire eye by day 20 and frequently perforated the globe by day 21. By contrast, tumors treated with anecortave acetate grew significantly slower (p < 0.025) and did not perforate the eye. On days 21 and 28 the net tumor weight of the AL-3789-treated animals was 40% to 30% of controls (P < 0.05). Tumor inhibition was presumably due to the angiostatic properties of anecortave acetate because the compound did not affect tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Conclusions. The topical ocular administration of anecortave acetate restricted the growth of a highly vascularized angiogenic intraocular tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2158-2162
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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