Increased Arterial Stiffness Is Associated With Reduced Diastolic Function in Youth With Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes

Nicolas L. Madsen, Jessica E. Haley, Ryan A. Moore, Philip R. Khoury, Elaine M. Urbina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Increased arterial stiffness is associated with diastolic dysfunction in adults. Data in youth are lacking, so we examined the impact of arterial stiffness on diastolic function in youth. Methods: We obtained diastolic function and augmentation index, pulse wave velocity, brachial artery distensibility, and carotid stiffness on 612 youth [10–24 years, 65% female, 38% normal weight, 36% obese, and 26% with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)]. Participants were classified as compliant (C) vs. stiff (S) arteries based on seven arterial stiffness parameters [Global Stiffness Index (GSI), S = GSI > 4). Mean differences in covariates were evaluated by Student's t-tests. A stepwise regression analysis was performed to determine if GSI was an independent predictor of diastolic function. Results: Lower diastolic function and more adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were present in the S group (n = 67) than the C group (n = 545) (p < 0.001). Covariates that were associated with diastolic dysfunction were higher GSI, male sex, higher body mass index (BMI), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) z-score (R2 = 0.18 to 0.25; p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: Adverse diastolic function is seen in youth with increased arterial stiffness independent of CVD risk factors. Interventions to improve arterial stiffness prior to clinical onset of diastolic dysfunction are needed to prevent development of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number781496
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
StatePublished - Nov 29 2021


  • T2DM
  • arterial stiffness
  • diastolic dysfunction
  • obesity
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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