Purpose: To assess the impact of dutasteride compared with placebo on nocturia in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, using pooled data from dutasteride phase III studies.
Methods: Nocturia was assessed using Question 7 of the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire. Efficacy measures included: mean change in nocturia at 24 months; proportion of patients with improvement/worsening in nocturia; nocturnal voiding frequency at baseline and study end, overall and by baseline subgroups; and nocturnal voiding frequency <2 at study end in patients with baseline score ≥2.
Results: In total, 4,321 patients with a mean age of 66 years were evaluated. From month 12 onwards, mean nocturia improvements were significantly superior with dutasteride than with placebo (p ≤ 0.05). Reduction in nocturia was significantly better with dutasteride than with placebo across all baseline subgroups tested (p ≤ 0.05). Also at month 24, dutasteride therapy resulted in a greater proportion of subjects with nocturia improvement compared with placebo (p ≤ 0.05), with the largest treatment group differences in subjects with a baseline nocturia score of 2 or 3. Among patients with significant nocturia at baseline (score ≥2), significantly more subjects with dutasteride versus placebo had a score <2 at month 24 (26 vs. 19 %, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: After 24 months of treatment, dutasteride treatment provided significantly greater improvements in nocturia, and less worsening, compared with placebo, primarily in subjects with two or three nocturia episodes per night. Studies specifically designed to assess nocturia are required to prospectively confirm these findings.
- Placebo effect
- Randomised controlled study
ASJC Scopus subject areas