Impact of cerebrovascular accidents on lung transplant survival

Anya Kalsbeek, Ishwar Chuckaree, Mitri K. Khoury, Grey Leonard, Kayla Maaraoui, Charles Liu, Amy Hackmann, Lynn C. Huffman, Matthias Peltz, W. Steves Ring, Michael A. Wait, Christopher A. Heid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are a source of postoperative morbidity. Existing data on CVA after lung transplantation (LT) are limited. We aimed to evaluate the impact of CVA on LT survival. Methods: A retrospective analysis of LT recipients at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center was performed. Data was obtained from the institutional thoracic transplant database between January 2012 and December 2018, which consisted of 476 patients. Patients were stratified by the presence of a postoperative CVA. Univariate comparisons of baseline characteristics, operative variables, and postoperative outcomes between the cohorts were performed. Survival was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier method. Aalen's additive regression model was utilized to assess mortality hazard over time. Results: The incidence of CVA was 4.2% (20/476). Lung allocation score was higher in the CVA cohort (46.2 [41.7, 57.3] vs. 41.5 [35.8, 52.2], p = 0.04). There were no significant differences in operative variables. CVA patients had longer initial intensive care unit (ICU) stays (316 h [251, 557] vs. 124 [85, 218], p < 0.001) and longer length of stay (22 days [17, 53] vs. 15 [11, 26], p = 0.007). CVA patients required more ICU readmissions (35% vs. 15%, p = 0.02) and had a lower rates of home discharge (35% vs. 71%, p < 0.001). Thirty-day mortality was higher in the CVA cohort (20% vs. 1.3%, p < 0.001). Overall survival was lower in the CVA cohort (log rank p = 0.044). Conclusions: Postoperative CVA following LT was associated with longer ICU stays, more ICU readmissions, longer length of stay, and fewer home discharges. Thirty day and long-term mortality were significantly higher in the CVA group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4719-4725
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • cardiovascular research
  • transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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