Identifying Risk Factors for Nonunion of the Modified Lapidus Procedure for the Correction of Hallux Valgus

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1 Scopus citations


There is a paucity of literature characterizing risk factors for nonunion associated with the modified Lapidus procedure for correction of hallux valgus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors associated with nonunion for Lapidus bunionectomies. Patients who underwent modified Lapidus procedure from 2009 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient's age, sex, body mass index, prior bunionectomy, history of tobacco use, presence of diabetes mellitus or hypothyroidism, and fixation method were recorded along with pre- and postoperative radiographic parameters. A multiple logistic regression analysis was implemented to estimate the odds of nonunion. Of the 222 patients who met inclusion criteria, nonunion with modified Lapidus procedure was observed in 20 patients (9.01%). Odds of nonunion with modified Lapidus procedure were greater for patients who had undergone previous bunionectomy (odds ratio [OR] = 3.957, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.021-15.338), as body mass index increased (OR = 1.091, 95% CI: 1.018-1.170), and as preoperative HV angle increased (OR = 1.108, 95% CI: 1.020-1.203). Odds of nonunion were lower for patients as preoperative intermetatarsal angle increased (OR = 0.739, 95% CI: 0.580-0.941). No significant increased odds of nonunion were found between fixation methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • 3
  • bunionectomy
  • complications
  • first tarsometatarsal joint
  • odds of nonunion
  • radiographic parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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