Identification of regulatory factor X as a novel mismatch repair stimulatory factor

Yanbin Zhang, Fenghua Yuan, Daojing Wang, Liya Gu, Guo Min Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This report describes the identification and purification of a novel mismatch repair stimulatory factor from HeLa cell extracts. This activity copurifies with a proliferating cell nuclear antigen-dependent 5′ → 3′DNAexcision activity during several purification steps but is resolved from the excision activity during gel filtration chromatography using Sephacryl S-300. After purification to near homogeneity, the stimulatory factor is associated with three polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 68, 36, and 30 kDa. Peptide sequencing analysis by tandem mass spectrometry identified the stimulatory factor as the heterotrimeric regulatory factor X (RFX) complex, which regulates transcription of the class II major histocompatibility complex by facilitating histone acetylation and is defective in the human hereditary immunodeficiency syndrome called bare lymphocyte syndrome. This conclusion was confirmed by the facts that purified recombinant RFX stimulates mismatch repair in an in vitro reconstituted mismatch repair system and that depletion of RFX from nuclear extracts or RFX knockdown in cells reduces mismatch repair activity. As expected, RFX knockdown cells display instability in microsatellite sequences. The possible role of RFX in human MMR repair is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12730-12735
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 9 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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