Identification of oxidized proteins in rat plasma using avidin chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry

Hamid Mirzaei, Beatriz Baena, Coral Barbas, Fred E. Regnier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The objective in much of the proteomics literature today is to establish the difference between healthy and disease states at the protein level using blood plasma. A critical component in this endeavor is to establish what is normal. The focus of the work reported here was to do this with oxidized proteins that might relate to oxidative stress and oxidative stress-related diseases. Oxidative stress is known to increase markedly in cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and neurodegenerative diseases. Since proteins are one of the targets of ROS, generated by oxidative stress, oxidized proteins are excellent biomarker candidates for these diseases. But first it is necessary to identify oxidized proteins that occur in the healthy state. Healthy rat plasma was used in this study as a source for the identification of naturally oxidized proteins. Freshly drawn blood was treated with biotin hydrazide to selectively derivatize carbonyl groups in oxidized proteins. Oxidized proteins thus biotinylated were separated from the other plasma proteins using avidin affinity chromatography. Affinity selected proteins were further fractionated on a C8 RP column and fractions collected. The collected fractions were then tryptic digested and the peptides identified using a combination of LC/MS/MS and database searches. One hundred forty-six proteins were identified using 700 signature peptides from the tryptic digested chromatographic fractions. The most frequently encountered proteins in the samples were keratins. Brain and liver were among the organs contributing the most oxidized proteins to plasma followed by heart and kidney.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1527
Number of pages12
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Carbonylated proteins
  • Carbonylation
  • Oxidized keratin
  • Plasma oxidized proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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