Ictal MEG onset source localization compared to intracranial EEG and outcome: Improved epilepsy presurgical evaluation in pediatrics

Hisako Fujiwara, Hansel M. Greiner, Nat Hemasilpin, Ki Hyeong Lee, Katherine Holland-Bouley, Todd Arthur, Diego Morita, Sejal V. Jain, Francesco T. Mangano, Ton deGrauw, Douglas F. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Purpose: Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been shown a useful diagnostic tool for presurgical evaluation of pediatric medically intractable partial epilepsy as MEG source localization has been shown to improve the likelihood of seizure onset zone (SOZ) sampling during subsequent evaluation with intracranial EEG (ICEEG). We investigated whether ictal MEG onset source localization further improves results of interictal MEG in defining the SOZ. Methods: We identified 20 pediatric patients with one habitual seizure during MEG recordings between October 2007 and April 2011. MEG was recorded with sampling rates of 600. Hz and 4000. Hz for 10 and 2. min respectively. Continuous head localization (CHL) was applied. Source localization analyses were applied using multiple algorithms, both at the beginning of ictal onset and for interictal MEG discharges. Ictal MEG onsets were identified by visual inspection and power spectrum using short-time Fourier transform (STFT). Source localizations were compared with ICEEG, surgical procedure and outcome. Key findings: Eight patients met all inclusion criteria. Five of the 8 patients (63%) had concordant ictal MEG onset source localization and interictal MEG discharge source localizations in the same lobe, but the source of ictal MEG onset was closer to the SOZ defined by ICEEG. Significance: Although the capture of seizures during MEG recording is challenging, the source localization for ictal MEG onset proved to be a useful tool for presurgical evaluation in our pediatric population with medically intractable epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-224
Number of pages11
JournalEpilepsy Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Ictal MEG
  • Interictal MEG discharge
  • Presurgical evaluation
  • Source localization
  • Surgical outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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