Hyperspectral microscopic imaging for automatic detection of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma using histologic image and machine learning

Ling Ma, Martin Halicek, Ximing Zhou, James Dormer, Baowei Fei

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

19 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to develop hyperspectral imaging (HSI) for automatic detection of head and neck cancer cells on histologic slides. A compact hyperspectral microscopic system is developed in this study. Histologic slides from 15 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx and hypopharynx are imaged with the system. The proposed nuclei segmentation method based on principle component analysis (PCA) can extract most nuclei in the hyperspectral image without extracting other sub-cellular components. Both spectra-based support vector machine (SVM) and patch-based convolutional neural network (CNN) are used for nuclei classification. CNNs were trained with both hyperspectral images and pseudo RGB images of extracted nuclei, in order to evaluate the usefulness of extra information provided by hyperspectral imaging. The average accuracy of spectra-based SVM classification is 68%. The average AUC and average accuracy of the HSI patch-based CNN classification is 0.94 and 82.4%, respectively. The hyperspectral microscopic imaging and classification methods provide an automatic tool to aid pathologists in detecting SCC on histologic slides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2020
Subtitle of host publicationDigital Pathology
EditorsJohn E. Tomaszewski, Aaron D. Ward
ISBN (Electronic)9781510634077
StatePublished - 2020
EventMedical Imaging 2020: Digital Pathology - Houston, United States
Duration: Feb 19 2020Feb 20 2020

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2020: Digital Pathology
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Convolutional neural network
  • Histology
  • Hyperspectral imaging
  • Nuclei extraction
  • Support vector machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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