Human TYK2 deficiency: Mycobacterial and viral infections without hyper-IgE syndrome

Alexandra Y. Kreins, Michael J. Ciancanelli, Satoshi Okada, Xiao Fei Kong, Noé Ramírez-Alejo, Sara Sebnem Kilic, Jamila El Baghdadi, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Fatima Ailal, Aziz Bousfiha, Davood Mansouri, Elma Nievas, Cindy S. Ma, Geetha Rao, Andrea Bernasconi, Hye Sun Kuehn, Julie Niemela, Jennifer Stoddard, Paul DeveauAurelie Cobat, Safa El Azbaoui, Ayoub Sabri, Che Kang Lim, Mikael Sundin, Danielle T. Avery, Rabih Halwani, Audrey V. Grant, Bertrand Boisson, Dusan Bogunovic, Yuval Itan, Marcela Moncada-Velez, Ruben Martinez-Barricarte, Melanie Migaud, Caroline Deswarte, Laia Alsina, Daniel Kotlarz, Christoph Klein, Ingrid Muller-Fleckenstein, Bernhard Fleckenstein, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Stefan Rose-John, Capucine Picard, Lennart Hammarstrom, Anne Puel, Saleh Al-Muhsen, Laurent Abel, Damien Chaussabel, Sergio D. Rosenzweig, Yoshiyuki Minegishi, Stuart G. Tangye, Jacinta Bustamante, Jean Laurent Casanova, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Scopus citations


Autosomal recessive, complete TYK2 deficiency was previously described in a patient (P1) with intracellular bacterial and viral infections and features of hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES), including atopic dermatitis, high serum IgE levels, and staphylococcal abscesses. We identified seven other TYK2-deficient patients from five families and four different ethnic groups. These patients were homozygous for one of five null mutations, different from that seen in P1. They displayed mycobacterial and/or viral infections, but no HIES. All eight TYK2-deficient patients displayed impaired but not abolished cellular responses to (a) IL-12 and IFN-α/β, accounting for mycobacterial and viral infections, respectively; (b) IL-23, with normal proportions of circulating IL-17+ T cells, accounting for their apparent lack of mucocutaneous candidiasis; and (c) IL-10, with no overt clinical consequences, including a lack of inflammatory bowel disease. Cellular responses to IL-21, IL-27, IFN-Υ, IL-28/29 (IFN-λ), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) were normal. The leukocytes and fibroblasts of all seven newly identified TYK2-deficient patients, unlike those of P1, responded normally to IL-6, possibly accounting for the lack of HIES in these patients. The expression of exogenous wild-type TYK2 or the silencing of endogenous TYK2 did not rescue IL-6 hyporesponsiveness, suggesting that this phenotype was not a consequence of the TYK2 genotype. The core clinical phenotype of TYK2 deficiency is mycobacterial and/or viral infections, caused by impaired responses to IL-12 and IFN-α/β. Moreover, impaired IL-6 responses and HIES do not appear to be intrinsic features of TYK2 deficiency in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1641-1662
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 21 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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