Human rhinovirus C infections in pediatric hematology and oncology patients

Carolina Loria, Jennifer A. Domm, Natasha B. Halasa, Elizabeth Heitman, E. Kathryn Miller, Meng Xu, Benjamin R. Saville, Haydar Frangoul, John V. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Children with cancer and HSCT recipients are at high risk for common viral infections. We sought to define the viral etiology of ARI and identify risk factors. Nasal wash samples were collected from pediatric hematology-oncology patients and HSCT recipients with ARI during the 2003-2005 winter seasons. Real-time RT-PCR was performed to detect Flu A, influenza B, RSV, PIV 1-3, human MPV, and HRV. HRV specimens were sequenced and genotyped. Seventy-eight samples from 62 children were included. Viruses were detected in 31 of 78 samples (40%). HRV were detected most frequently, in 16 (52%) including five HRVC; followed by seven (22%) RSV, five (16%) Flu A, four (13%) MPV, and two (6%) PIV2. There was a trend toward higher risk of viral infection for children in day care. Only 8% of the study children had received influenza vaccine. HRV, including the recently discovered HRVC, are an important cause of infection in pediatric oncology and HSCT patients. Molecular testing is superior to conventional methods and should be standard of care, as HRV are not detected by conventional methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • cancer
  • human rhinovirus
  • pediatric
  • real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
  • respiratory viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation


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