Human prostate specific and shared differentiation antigens defined by monoclonal antibodies

A. E. Frankel, R. V. Rouse, L. A. Herzenberg

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35 Scopus citations


Splenic lymphocytes of BALB/c mice immunized with membrane-enriched fractions of human benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues were fused with the NS-1 light chain-secreting murine myeloma cell line. This generated hybridoma cultures that secreted immunoglobulins reactive in solid-phase radioimmunoassays with membrane preparations of prostatic tissues but not with membrane preparations of apparently normal human liver, spleen, thymus, or erythrocytes. After further screening of immunoglobulin reactivities and cloning of cultures, eight monoclonal antibodies were chosen that demonstrated reactivity with human prostate tissues. These monoclonal antibodies could be placed into at least three major groups - epithelium-specific, polyepithelial, and stroma-specific - on the basis of differential binding to the surfaces of various component cells in the prostate and other epithelia. Two antibodies defined unique protein antigens specific for prostate epithelia that were not crossreactive with prostatic acid phosphatase or the recently described 'prostatic antigen'. These antibodies also detected antigens on malignant prostate tissues as well as other malignant tissues. Four antibodies defined three unique polyepithelial protein antigens (two of the antibodies were different isotypes defining the same protein). Each of the polyepithelial antigens was expressed on a different spectrum of normal epithelial tissues. Two displayed brain tissue crossreactivity, one was presented on pancreas, and one was present on platelets. The two antibodies that detected prostatic stromal protein antigens showed different spectra of reactivities. One antibody reacted with apparently all prostatic stromal cells as well as endothelial cells in the prostate and other organs. The other antibody apparently reacted with all prostatic stromal cells as well as myoepithelial and muscle cells in other organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-907
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - 1982

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