Great Expectations? Future Competency Requirements Among Candidates Entering Surgery Training

Aimee K. Gardner, Katelyn J. Cavanaugh, Ross E. Willis, Daniel Dent, Henry Reinhart, Mark Williams, Michael S. Truitt, Bradford G. Scott, Brian J. Dunkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


INTRODUCTION: We describe a multimethod, multi-institutional approach documenting future competencies required for entry into surgery training. METHODS: Five residency programs involved in a statewide collaborative each provided 12 to 15 subject matter experts (SMEs) to participate. These SMEs participated in a 1-hour semistructured interview with organizational psychologists to discuss program culture and expectations, and rated the importance of 20 core competencies derived from the literature for candidates entering general surgery training within the next 3 to 5 years (1 = importance decreases significantly; 3 = importance stays the same; 5 = importance increases significantly). RESULTS: Seventy-three SMEs across 5 programs were interviewed (77% faculty; 23% resident). All competencies were rated to be more important in the next 3 to 5 years, with team orientation (3.87 ± 0.81), communication (3.82 ± 0.79), team leadership (3.81 ± 0.82), feedback receptivity (3.79 ± 0.76), and professionalism (3.76 ± 0.89) rated most highly. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the competencies desired and required among future surgery residents are likely to change in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • competency
  • Interpersonal and Communication Skills
  • job analysis
  • non-technical skills
  • Professionalism
  • screening
  • selection
  • Systems-Based Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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