GEF-H1 mediated control of NOD1 dependent NF-κB activation by Shigella effectors

Atsuko Fukazawa, Carmen Alonso, Kiyotaka Kurachi, Sonal Gupta, Cammie F. Lesser, Beth Ann McCormick, Hans Christian Reinecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Shigella flexneri has evolved the ability to modify host cell function with intracellular active effectors to overcome the intestinal barrier. The detection of these microbial effectors and the initiation of innate immune responses are critical for rapid mucosal defense activation. The guanine nucleotide exchange factor H1 (GEF-H1) mediates RhoA activation required for cell invasion by the enteroinvasive pathogen Shigella flexneri. Surprisingly, GEF-H1 is requisite for NF-κB activation in response to Shigella infection. GEF-H1 interacts with NOD1 and is required for RIP2 dependent NF-κB activation by H-Ala-D-γGlu-DAP (γTriDAP). GEF-H1 is essential for NF-κB activation by the Shigella effectors IpgB2 and OspB, which were found to signal in a NOD1 and RhoA Kinase (ROCK) dependent manner. Our results demonstrate that GEF-H1 is a critical component of cellular defenses forming an intracellular sensing system with NOD1 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1000228
JournalPLoS pathogens
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Virology


Dive into the research topics of 'GEF-H1 mediated control of NOD1 dependent NF-κB activation by Shigella effectors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this