Frame-of-reference training for simulation-based intraoperative communication assessment

Aimee K. Gardner, Michael A. Russo, Ibrahim I. Jabbour, Matthew Kosemund, Daniel J. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of frame-of-reference (FOR) training on assessments of intraoperative communication skills and identify areas of need to inform curricular efforts. Methods Simulation instructors (M.D., Ph.D., Research Fellow, Simulation Technician) underwent a 2-hour FOR training session with the operating room communication instrument. They then independently rated communication skills of 19 PGY1s who participated in a team-based simulation. Residents completed self-assessments via video review of the scenario. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to examine inter-rater reliability. Relationships between trained raters and resident scores were assessed with Pearson correlation coefficients and paired sample t tests. Results Inter-reliability after FOR training was .91. The correlation between trained rater scores and resident evaluations was nonsignificant. Residents significantly underestimated their intraoperative communication skills (P < .05). Use of names, closed loop communication, and sharing information with team members demonstrated consistently low ratings among all residents. Conclusions These findings reveal that a number of individuals can be trained to reliably rate resident intraoperative communication performance and that residents tend to under-rate their communication skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-551.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Frame of reference training
  • Intraoperative communication
  • Residents
  • Simulation
  • Team training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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