Forced normalization: Epilepsy and psychosis interaction

Muruga A. Loganathan, Manasa Enja, Steven Lippmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Forced normalization is the emergence of psychoses following the establishment of seizure control in an uncontrolled epilepsy patient. Two illustrative clinical vignettes are provided about people with epilepsy that was newly controlled and followed by emergence of a psychosis; symptoms appeared only after attaining ictal control. For recognition and differential diagnosis purposes, understanding forced normalization is important in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-41
Number of pages4
JournalInnovations in Clinical Neuroscience
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Epilepsy seizures
  • Forced normalization
  • Ictal disorder
  • Ictus
  • Pharmcotherapy medication
  • Psychosis
  • Psychotic
  • Seizure control convulsions
  • Seizure disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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