Purpose:We present final 5-year outcomes of the multicenter randomized sham-controlled trial of a water vapor therapy (Rezūm™) for treatment of moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia.Materials and Methods:A total of 197 subjects >50 years of age with International Prostate Symptom Score ≥13, maximum flow rate ≤15 ml/second and prostate volume 30 to 80 cc were randomized and followed for 5 years. From the control arm of 61 subjects, a subset of 53 subjects requalified and after 3 months received treatment as part of the crossover group and were also followed for 5 years. The total number of vapor treatments to each lobe of the prostate was determined by length of prostatic urethra and included middle lobe treatment per physician discretion.Results:Significant improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms was observed at <3 months post-thermal therapy, remaining durable through 5 years in the treatment group (International Prostate Symptom Score reduced 48%, quality of life increased 45%, maximum flow rate improved 44%, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Impact Index decreased 48%). Surgical re-treatment rate was 4.4% with no reports of device or procedure related sexual dysfunction or sustained de novo erectile dysfunction. Results within the crossover group were similar through 5 years.Conclusions:Minimally invasive treatment with water vapor thermal therapy provides significant and durable symptom relief as well as flow rate improvements through 5 years, with low surgical re-treatment rates and without impacting sexual function. It is a versatile therapy, providing successful treatment to obstructive lateral and middle lobes.
- minimally invasive surgical procedures
- prostatic hyperplasia
- urologic surgical procedures, male
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