The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRTs) have emerged as key cellular machinery that drive topologically unique membrane deformation and scission. Understanding how the ESCRT-III polymer interacts with membrane, promoting and/or stabilizing membrane deformation, is an important step in elucidating this sculpting mechanism. Using a combination of genetic and biochemical approaches, both invivo and invitro, we identify two essential modules required for ESCRT-III-membrane association: an electrostatic cluster and an N-terminal insertion motif. Mutating either module in yeast causes cargo sorting defects in the MVB pathway. We show that the essential N-terminal insertion motif provides a stable anchor for the ESCRT-III polymer. By replacing this N-terminal motif with well-characterized membrane insertion modules, we demonstrate that the N terminus of Snf7 has been tuned to maintain the topological constraints associated with ESCRT-III-filament-mediated membrane invagination and vesicle formation. Our results provide insights into the spatially unique, ESCRT-III-mediated membrane remodeling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology