Epoxyeicosatrienoic and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids dilate human coronary arterioles via BKCa channels: Implications for soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition

Brandon T. Larsen, Hiroto Miura, Ossama A. Hatoum, William B. Campbell, Bruce D. Hammock, Darryl C. Zeldin, John R. Falck, David D. Gutterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations


Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are metabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to form dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) and are putative endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs). EDHFs modulate microvascular tone; however, the chemical identity of EDHF in the human coronary microcirculation is not known. We examined the capacity of EETs, DHETs, and sEH inhibition to affect vasomotor tone in isolated human coronary arterioles (HCAs). HCAs from right atrial appendages were prepared for videomicroscopy and immunohistochemistry. In vessels preconstricted with endothelin-1, three EET regioisomers (8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET) each induced a concentration- dependent dilation that was sensitive to blockade of large-conductance Ca 2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels by iberiotoxin. EET-induced dilation was not altered by endothelial denudation. 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-DHET also dilated HCA via activation of BKCa channels. Dilation was less with 8,9- and 14,15-DHET but was similar with 11,12-DHET, compared with the corresponding EETs. Immunohistochemistry revealed prominent expression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP450) 2C8, 2C9, and 2J2, enzymes that may produce EETs, as well as sEH, in HCA. Inhibition of sEH by 1-cyclohexyl-3- dodecylurea (CDU) enhanced dilation caused by 14,15-EET but reduced dilation observed with 11,12-EET. DHET production from exogenous EETs was reduced in vessels pretreated with CDU compared with control, as measured by liquid chromatography electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry. In conclusion, EETs and DHETs dilate HCA by activating BKCa channels, supporting a role for EETs/DHETs as EDHFs in the human heart. CYP450s and sEH may be endogenous sources of these compounds, and sEH inhibition has the potential to alter myocardial perfusion, depending on which EETs are produced endogenously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H491-H499
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase
  • Endothelium
  • Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor
  • Soluble epoxide hydrolase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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