Electrophoretic study of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase isoforms in endstage renal disease and rheumatoid arthritis

Karen Takahashi, Anthony J. Janckila, Susan Z. Sun, Eleanor D. Lederer, Prasun C. Ray, Lung T. Yam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to identify the isoform, type-5a or type-5b, responsible for increased tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity in endstage renal disease (ESRD) and TRAP protein in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We studied 24 sera each from healthy, ESRD and RA subjects. Type-5 TRAP activity and protein were quantitated by immunoassays. Isoform expression was determined by computerized imaging of non-denaturing polyacrylamide gels (PAGE) stained for TRAP activity. Other biochemical markers included: intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), total and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (TAP, BAP), N-telopeptides of type-I collagen (NTx), and free pyridinoline (Pyd). Isoform 5a was normal in both ESRD and RA. Isoform 5b was elevated in ESRD only. Serum TRAP activity correlated with both isoforms 5a and 5b in RA, but only with 5b in ESRD. TRAP protein assays did not correlate with PAGE assays for 5a or 5b. TRAP activity, but not protein, correlated with BAP and NTx in RA sera. Both TRAP activity and protein correlated with iPTH, TAP and Pyd in ESRD sera. Increased TRAP activity in ESRD was due to increased osteoclastic isoform 5b and related to bone turnover. Increased TRAP protein in RA was suspected, but not proven, to be isoform 5a and not related to bone turnover. Heterogeneity of serum TRAP and preferential expression of isoforms has clinical significance in different diseases including ESRD and RA. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-158
Number of pages12
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Endstage renal disease
  • Gel electrophoresis
  • Immunoassay
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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