Electronic Fetal Monitoring and Cesarean Section

Elliott K. Main, Denise M. Main, Peter C. Boylan, Paul R. Meier, T. Hershel Gardin, George B. Feldman, Kenneth J. Leveno, F. Gary Cunningham, Roberta Haynes de Regt, Howard L. Minkoff, Joseph Feldman, Richard H. Schwarz

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


To the Editor: From the study design and from the lack of comment in the Methods section, it appears that individual informed consent was not obtained from participants in the study of Leveno et al. (Sept. 4 issue).1 Freedom to choose to participate or not to participate in a given experiment is commonly considered a fundamental right that is usually waived only when there is negligible risk of injury to the patient (as in retrospective chart reviews or examination of residual tissues). Whether a “control” group randomly assigned to receive a “standard of care” treatment needs full informed consent has…

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-483
Number of pages4
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 19 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Electronic Fetal Monitoring and Cesarean Section'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this