Efficacy and Safety of Dapagliflozin by Baseline Insulin Regimen and Dose: Post Hoc Analyses From DECLARE-TIMI 58

Rena Pollack, Itamar Raz, Stephen D. Wiviott, Erica L. Goodrich, Sabina A. Murphy, Ilan Yanuv, Aliza Rozenberg, Ofri Mosenzon, Anna Maria Langkilde, Ingrid A.M. Gause-Nilsson, Deepak L. Bhatt, Lawrence A. Leiter, Darren K. McGuire, John P.H. Wilding, Marc S. Sabatine, Avivit Cahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE The cardiorenal benefits of adding sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhib-itor therapy for patients on insulin, particularly those on intensive regimens that include short-acting (SA) insulin, have not been explored. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In Dapagliflozin Effect on Cardiovascular Events trial (DECLARE-TIMI 58), 17,160 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to dapagliflozin or placebo for a median follow-up of 4.2 years. Cardiovascular (CV), renal, metabolic, and safety outcomes with dapagliflozin versus placebo by insulin dose and regimen were studied with Cox regression models. RESULTS The study included 7,013 insulin users at baseline, with 4,650 (66.3%) patients on regimens including SA insulin. Insulin doses varied, with 2,443 (34.8%) patients receiving <0.5 IU/kg, 2,795 (39.9%) 0.5 to £1 IU/kg, and 1,339 (19.1%) >1 IU/kg. Dapagliflozin reduced CV death/hospitalization for heart failure among overall insulin users (hazard ratio [HR] 0.82 [95% CI 0.69–0.97]) and consistently in patients on insulin regimens with or without SA insulin (0.83 [0.67–1.03] and 0.78 [0.57–1.07], respectively, Pinteraction = 0.75). No heterogeneity was observed by insulin dose (Pinteraction = 0.43). The HR for major adverse CV events with dapagli-flozin among insulin users (0.84 [0.74–0.97]) was similar irrespective of regimen or dose (Pinteraction = 0.75 and 0.07). Dapagliflozin reduced the rate of adverse renal outcomes overall and consistently across subgroups of insulin users. De-creases in HbA1c, weight, and systolic blood pressure with dapagliflozin were seen regardless of insulin dose or regimen. The known safety profile of dapagliflo-zin was unchanged in patients on intensive insulin regimens. CONCLUSIONS The benefits and safety of dapagliflozin were maintained in high-risk patients receiving high-dose or intensive insulin regimens including SA insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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