Effects of antegrade and retrograde machine perfusion preservation on cardiac function after transplantation in canines

S. M. Brant, D. H. Rosenbaum, M. L. Cobert, L. M. West, Michael E Jessen, Matthias Peltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Introduction Most studies investigating machine perfusion preservation for heart transplantation perfuse through the aortic root (antegrade), but the coronary sinus (retrograde) is a potential option. We hypothesized that retrograde machine perfusion provides better functional protection than static storage, while avoiding the potential irregular perfusion seen when aortic insufficiency occurs with antegrade perfusion. Materials and Methods Eighteen canine donor hearts were arrested, procured, and stored in modified Celsior solution for 4 hours by using either static storage at 0°C to 4°C (n = 6) or machine perfusion preservation at 5°C via the aortic root (antegrade, n = 6) or coronary sinus (retrograde, n = 6). Lactate and myocardial oxygen consumption were measured in perfused hearts. Hearts were reimplanted and reperfused for 6 hours with hourly function calculated by using the preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW) relation. Myocardial water content was determined at the end of the experiment. Results Storage lactate levels and myocardial oxygen consumption were comparable in both perfused groups. The PRSW was increased immediately after bypass in the antegrade group (120.6 ± 19.1 mm Hg) compared with the retrograde (75.0 ± 11.3 mm Hg) and static (78.1 ± 10.5 mm Hg) storage groups (P <.05). At the end of reperfusion, PRSW was higher in the retrograde group (69.8 ± 7.4 mm Hg) compared with the antegrade (40.1 ± 6.8 mm Hg) and static (39.9 ± 10.9 mm Hg) storage groups (P <.05). Myocardial water content was similar among groups. Conclusions Both antegrade and retrograde perfusion demonstrated excellent functional preservation, at least equivalent to static storage. Initial function was superior in the antegrade group, but the retrograde hearts displayed better function late after reperfusion. Neither perfused group developed significant edema. Machine perfusion preservation is a promising technique for improving results of cardiac transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1601-1605
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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