Effect of metabolic alterations on the accumulation of technetium-99m-labeled d,l-HMPAO in slices of rat cerebral cortex

Chang Soo Ahn, Donald E. Tow, Chih Chou Yu, Robert W. Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


It is widely recognized that the distribution of technetium-99m-labeled d,l-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) in the brain is determined by the regional blood flow. However, other factors may affect this process including the metabolism of the brain tissue. To examine this possibility we studied the effects of metabolic alterations on 99mTc-HMPAO uptake in rat brain cortex slices, with concurrent measurement of oxygen consumption (QO2). 99mTc-HMPAO uptake was determined by incubating slices of rat cerebral cortex at 37°C in Krebs-Ringer phosphate glucose medium containing 99mTc-HMPAO with and without test substances. Differential gradients for 99mTc activity between the tissue and the suspending medium (T/M ratio) were derived from the equation T/M[99mTc] = counts per gram of tissue/counts per milliliter of medium. The QO2 of the brain slices was measured using a biological oxygen monitor equipped with a polarographic oxygen probe. Inhibitors affecting oxidative phosphorylation caused parallel suppression of the T/M ratio and QO2. Agents that uncouple oxidation from phosphorylation increased the QO2 and decreased the T/M ratio. Incubation of slices at 22°C depressed the T/M ratio and QO2. The presence of inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation in the incubation medium increased the release of 99mTc activity from slices that had been prelabeled with 99mTc-HMPAO. These findings suggest that the altered metabolic status of the brain tissue modulates the kinetics and net accumulation of 99mTc-HMPAO at the cellular level by either depressing uptake, increasing back-diffusion, or both.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-331
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994


  • Cerebral cortex slices
  • Energy metabolism of brain tissue
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Tc-Labeled HMPAO uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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