Background and Aims: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) results in cardiac fibrosis and dysfunction. These patients frequently have poor image quality. Mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) is a reproducible and reliable method for determining function and can be a valuable tool in patients with poor images. Our study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of MAPSE and compare it to shortening fraction (SF) in patients with DMD. Methods: Lateral M-mode MAPSE was obtained on all echocardiograms performed on DMD patients aged 0 to 21 years between October 2013 and April 2015. Retrospectively, interobserver and intraobserver variability was determined for these measurements and each measurement was compared to patient characteristics and measured values of SF. Results: There was good interobserver (r2 =.66, P =.0081) correlation. Seventeen of 59 echocardiograms (29%) had abnormal SF while 32 (54%) echocardiograms had an abnormal M-mode lateral MAPSE Z-score. There was no significant association between lateral MAPSE Z-score and SF. Age at the time of echocardiogram and time from diagnosis to echocardiogram both had a significant negative correlation with lateral MAPSE. Conclusions: Lateral M-mode MAPSE measurements are reproducible in young patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. M-mode lateral MAPSE may worsen over length of time with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Further studies are necessary to provide absolute conclusions, but this study shows that lateral M-mode MAPSE may be a valuable additional tool at routine echocardiogram in these patients.
- transthoracic echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine