Early Practice: External Sinus Surgery and Procedures and Complications

John S. Schneider, Andrew Day, Matthew Clavenna, Paul T. Russell, James Duncavage

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


External approaches to the paranasal sinuses are rarely used in the endoscopic era. However, their indications for use have not changed, and in every surgeon's career those indications may present themselves. For residents training in the endoscopic era, these procedures are also very rarely seen. In this article, the external approaches to the maxillary, ethmoid, and frontal sinuses are described: their original descriptions, modern use, and potential complications. It is hoped that this article will serve to instruct residents and practitioners alike in these techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-850
Number of pages12
JournalOtolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Caldwell-Luc approach
  • External ethmoidectomy
  • Frontal trephine
  • Osteoplastic flap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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