Dynamic arc radiosurgery field shaping: A comparison with static field conformal and noncoplanar circular arcs

Timothy D. Solberg, Kristen L. Boedeker, Randi Fogg, Michael T. Selch, Antonio A F DeSalles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


Purpose: Recent advances in field-shaping technology and linac multileaf collimator (MLC) integration have resulted in new approaches to performing stereotactic radiosurgery. We present a modeling study comparing the absolute dose distributions from three radiosurgery delivery techniques: a conventional approach utilizing noncoplanar circular arcs, a static field conformal approach, and a dynamic arc field-shaping approach. In the latter, the MLC leaves more in a continuous fashion, conforming to the beam's-eye-view projection of the target at every increment along the path of an arc. Methods and Materials: For the analysis, we devised a simulated target consisting of three overlapping spheres. This was chosen because it offered a straightforward planning approach for all three techniques, primarily the multiple isocenter approach. In addition, three representative cases were selected from the prior radiosurgery experience. These range in increasing size, from 0.50 to 9.79 cm3, and in complexity, requiring from 3 isocenters to 16 in the case of circular arcs. In each situation, the goals were twofold: (1) to cover the entire volume with as high an appropriate isodose level (90% in the case of the conformal and dynamic arc techniques, 50% in the case of circular collimators) while (2) minimizing the dose to normal brain and where applicable, any adjacent radiation-sensitive structures. Because of the latter requirement, a single isocenter circular arc approach was ruled out for the analysis. Results: In the case of large or irregularly shaped lesions, the circular arc technique requires multiple isocenters, producing a high level of dose heterogeneity within the target volume. Both the static field and dynamic arc conformal techniques, as with all single isocenter approaches, produce a highly homogeneous dose throughout the target region. For a given large dose, peripheral dose is decreased as additional beams or arc degrees are added with either of the conformal approaches. Dose-volume histogram analysis evaluating the peripheral dose shows that, in many cases, dose to surrounding structures can be reduced through the use of a conformal static or dynamic arc approach over the conventional multiple isocenter, circular arc techniques. Conclusions: Dynamic arc shaping is an efficient and effective method for accurately delivering a homogeneous target dose while simultaneously minimizing peripheral dose in radiosurgery applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1481-1491
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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