Dual mechanisms of regulation of Na/H exchanger NHE-3 by parathyroid hormone in rat kidney

Lingzhi Fan, Michael R. Wiederkehr, Roberto Collazo, Huamin Wang, Ladonna A. Crowder, Orson W. Moe

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81 Scopus citations


Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent inhibitor of mammalian renal proximal tubule sodium absorption via suppression of the apical membrane Na/H exchanger (NHE-3). We examined the mechanisms by which PTH inhibits NHE-3 activity by giving an acute intravenous PTH bolus to parathyroidectomized rats. Parathyroidectomy per se increased apical membrane NHE-3 activity and antigen. Acute infusion of PTH caused a time-dependent decrease in NHE-3 activity as early as 30 min. Decrease in NHE-3 activity at 30 and 60 min was accompanied by increased NHE-3 phosphorylation. In contrast to the rapid changes in NHE-3 activity and phosphorylation, decrease in apical membrane NHE-3 antigen was not detectable until 4-12 h after the PTH bolus. The decrease in apical membrane NHE-3 occurred in the absence of changes in total renal cortical NHE-3 antigen. Pretreatment of the animals with the microtubule-disrupting agent colchicine blocked the PTH-induced decrease in apical NHE-3 antigen. We propose that PTH acutely cause a decrease in NHE-3 intrinsic transport activity possibly via a phosphorylation-dependent mechanism followed by a decrease in apical membrane NHE-3 antigen via changes in protein trafficking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11289-11295
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 16 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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