Dopamine acutely decreases apical membrane Na/H exchanger NHE3 protein in mouse renal proximal tubule

Desa Bacic, Brigitte Kaissling, Paul McLeroy, Lixian Zou, Michel Baum, Orson W. Moe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Background. Dopamine is a principal natriuretic hormone in mammalian Na+ homeostasis. Dopamine acutely alters glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and decreases Na+ absorption in both the proximal and distal nephron. Proximal tubule natriuresis is effected through inhibition of the apical membrane Na/H exchanger NHE3. Methods. We examined whether dopamine directly and acutely decreases apical membrane NHE3 protein using renal tissue in two in vitro systems: renal cortical slices and in vitro perfused single tubules. After incubation with dopamine, NHE3 activitry was measured by 22Na flux and NHE3 antigen was measured by immunoblot in apical membrane and total cellular membranes. Results. Direct application of dopamine to either cortical slices or microperfused tubules acutely decreases NHE3 activity and antigen at the apical membrane of the proximal tubule. No change in total cellular NHE3 was detected. Conclusion. One mechanism by which dopamine causes natriuresis is via direct and acute reduction of NHE3 protein at the apical membrane via changes in NHE3 protein trafficking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2133-2141
Number of pages9
JournalKidney international
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Dopamine
  • Na/H exchange
  • Natriuresis
  • Proximal tubute
  • Trafficking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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